Filed under: Cosmetics, EU Information, EU Regulation/Legislation | Tags: Cosmetics, testing
The European Commission has published a Commission Implementing Decision which provides Guidelines on Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on cosmetic products.
The guidelines make it clear what the obligations of manufacturers and importers of cosmetic products are, and what should be contained within the Cosmetic Product Safety Report. In particular, the following should be noted:
- Section 3.1. states that the quantitative and qualitative composition of the product should be provided, including details on each component, whether a raw material, mixture, well-defined substance, etc.
- Section 3.2 requires that the physical/chemical characteristics and stability of the cosmetic product are given. This includes properties such as molecular weight, solubility and purity. Furthermore, particle size distribution information, especially for nanomaterials, should be provided.
- Section 3.4 requires that information on whether the cosmetic product contains substances that have not been intentionally added to the formulation, and which may have an impact on its safety, are present.
It can be seen from these guidelines that manufacturers or companies trading in these products, need to have access to high quality analytical testing facilities to cover the range of issues highlighted. These facilities should, ideally, be covered by ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation so that data produced is accepted across borders.
Filed under: Cosmetics, EU Regulation/Legislation | Tags: allergens, Cosmetics
The European Commission has issued an amendment to the Regulation on cosmetic products (1223/2009) having considered opinions published by the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS).
The amendment, published as Commission Regulation 1197/2013, specifically addresses the issues of the maximum allowable concentrations of certain substances in hair dyes, and also states that certain substances currently considered as safe for hair applications are also safe for use on eyelashes.
Many of these substances are allergens for a small percentage of the European population, and labels warning that products contain allergens must be used.
Filed under: Environment/Ecology, EU Information | Tags: endocrine disrupters, toxicity testing
A recent meeting held at the European Commission in Brussels, chaired by EU Chief Scientific Advisor Professor Anne Glover, discussed many issues surrounding Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) and their effect on health and the environment. The meeting proceedings can be found here.
The discussion centred on threshold levels, and how and when these were relevant, as well as establishing the link between EDCs and certain hormone-related cancers or other developmental problems. The lack of toxicity tests specifically for endocrine disrupting properties was noted, and is not currently required by REACH; this may be viewed as a serious gap in our armoury. The potential for some EDCs to be potent al low concentrations, however, does present a potential issue for measurement scientists, as the ability to measure these substances accurately at the appropriate concentrations may prove to be a challenge in certain situations.
Filed under: Nanomaterials, Study Results, Uncategorized | Tags: nanotechnology, safety, tattoo ink
Concerns have been raised about nanoparticles in tattoo ink following research carried out at the University of Bradford. Researchers in Germany have noticed an increase in health problems related to the increase in tattooing observed in society in recent years. Evidence suggests this could be related to nanoparticles migrating from tattoos through the skin and accumulating in the body.
Work has been carried out to characterise and measure nanoparticles in sunscreens, where concerns have been raised about safety. Work carried out previously at LGC has been successful in measuring nanoparticles in sunscreens using Field Flow Fractionation/Mass Spectrometry (FFF/MS). The question mus now be posed whether we need to develop similar procedures to measure anc characterise nanoparticles in tattoo inks?
The Chemical Industries Association (CIA) have published a fact sheet on the subject of fracking. This fact sheet is designed to answer some of the points that have been widely made about the potential downsides of fracking, and is written in a matter-of-fact and dispassionate way.
One of the more pertinent points about fracking, from an environmental legislation and measurement standpoint, is about the dangers of chemicals used in the rock fracturing process getting into underground aquifers and then, potentially into the domestic drinking water supply.
The fact sheet explains clearly that the environmental regulator (the Environment Agency in England and Wales, and the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency in Scotland) will need to approve all chemicals used in this procedure on a case-by-case basis. All chemicals used must comply with European chemicals legislation including REACH and Biocidal Products Directive. It will be interesting to see if and when any fracking licenses are granted, a testing regime is instituted to monitor groundwater and drinking water for the presence of these chemicals.
Filed under: Uncategorized
The following list shows standards and technical documents published by the European Standardisation Organisation, CEN, during October 2013, some of which are relevant to chemical measurement in support of regulation.
CEN/TS 16181:2013 – Sludge, treated biowaste and soil – Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
EN 16402:2013 – Paints and varnishes – Assessment of emissions of substances from coatings into indoor air – Sampling, conditioning and testing
CEN/TS 16516:2013 – Construction products – Assessment of release of dangerous substances – Determination of emissions into indoor air
EN 16317:2013 – Fertilizers – Determination of trace elements – Determination of arsenic by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) after aqua regia dissolution
EN 16318:2013 – Fertilizers – Determination of trace elements – Determination of chromium(VI) by photometry (method A) and by ion chromatography with spectrophotometric detection (method B).
EN 16319:2013 – Fertilizers – Determination of trace elements – Determination of cadmium, chromium, lead and nickel by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) after aqua regia dissolution
EN 16320:2013 – Fertilizers – Determination of trace elements – Determination of mercury by vapour generation (VG) after aqua regia dissolution
The European Chemicals Agency, ECHA, has drafted proposals to updated the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP) for 2014-16. The proposal contains 125 substances for review by 22 Member States under the substance evaluation process of REACH. 56 of these are newly-selected substances and 69 are from the update published on 20 March 2013.
Full details of the 125 substances listed in the proposal are given in the draft plan. Some of the new substances proposed include dimethyl disulfide, naphthalene and aluminium chloride.